Each race (and possibly pre-made creatures) will have its own unique Lore. As of now, the most that is known about almost all of the races is a few details or an incomplete back story.
Once a codex has been collected and learned it's permanently available in that character's Codex Library, which can be opened by clicking the side menu icon or using the hotkey [V]
They were a race of humanoid creatures that resembled humans. they sacrificed physical evolution for mental evolution. They became smarter, but they became ape-like creatures. They are currently ruled by an organisation known as the Miniknog, operated by a figure known as Big Ape, who is some sort of dictator.
They are a humanoid bird race, and they worship a god known as Kluex. They have a relatively egyptian sort of culture.
They are a rather primitive race of plant people. In the past, they killed many hylotl and ate them. They have a really tribal culture.
These are a race of robot people who live like medieval people during the dark ages. They were created by an unknown person, but there was a glitch that prevented them from advancing any further than the medieval times.
The humans had a war ridden past, but they figured out world peace and formed a group called the protectorate. However this didn’t last forever, as The Ruin destroyed the earth. Humans survived, but Earth is forever gone.
They are a race of amphibian people. Their culture and tradition is similar to that of Japan. In the past, they were chased away from their home planet by the savage and aggressive Floran. The hylotl are a peace loving, kind-hearted race.
Star people that have short memory. They were born from a dying star but nobody cared about history. They live in Wild West themed towns.
They are sentient penguins. That’s about it. They are not playable.
Not much is known about them apart from the fact they are mushroom people. Many theories about their origin exist, the popular ones are the ones such as they are mutated Florans, a fungus that parasitises Florans, or a failed Apex experiment. They don’t seem to like water, as Agaran settlements have a fountain named “Torture Device”. This also hints that they are more sinister than they seem.
They are not playable
The Fenerox Edit
They are a non-playable race of cat-like people that have many similar traditions and cultures to African Bushpeople.
The Alpaca Edit
They are as the name suggest. Sentient alpacas. They are not a playable race and they have a culture similar to the vikings. They don’t have a lot of lore surrounding them at the moment and this is all there is right now.
The Frogg Edit
They are frog people. Not much lore, and they aren’t playable. There is one in the outpost, but that one isn’t an NPC, it’s just inside the furniture shop.
The Shadows Edit
They are a non playable race of shadows. Their sillhouette resembles a bald naked human, except it’s all black with green glowing eyes. They say nothing and are found in dark planets. They do not have any lore.
The Ancient Edit
These are a presumably extinct race in starbound. Not much is known except that they are the creators of the Ark, and the challenge rooms.
The Deadbeat Edit
They are non-playable and are found on tier 6 planets. They are basically post-apocalypse scavengers and raiders. What they were before their society collapse is unknown, except that they were technologically advanced. Most of them are hostile, but some aren't. They do not have any lore.
The Ruin Edit
Not sure if this counts as a race, but here it is anyway. Planet sized tentacle monster that was banished by The Cultivator. It awoke by the time the game started, and destroyed earth.